Scopoletin and medium chain fatty acids of Morinda citrifolia (Noni) fruit by its maturation
Hendra WIJAYA 1, Tita AVIANA 1, Priyo WASPODO 2, Ingrid SURONO 3,
Toshiaki NISHIGAKI 3, Mitsuhiro WADA 4, Kenichiro NAKASHIMA 4
1 Center for Agro-Based Industry, Bogor, Ministry of Industry, Indonesia
2 PT Morindo International, Indonesia
3 Tokyo Noni Research Center, Japan
4 Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, Japan
Morinda citrifolia, locally named Mengkudu, Pace, Tibah etc. originated in Indonesia, has been utilized as traditional medicine for thousands years, and its 100% squeezed fruit juice is now most popular and consumed as alternative and functional beverage in Japan.
From our analyses of active ingredients such as scopoletin and medium chain fatty acids, we can conclude that matured yellowish fruits are the best for juice production rather than immature small and green fruits, or over ripened fruits.